How to groom your cat at home

Petplan vet Brian Faulkner shares his cat grooming tips in this handy video guide and explains how to keep their coat in tip-top condition.

Most cats spend a significant part of their waking hours grooming themselves. During these sessions, they’ll use their tongue, teeth and paws as tools to keep their coat clean, remove loose hair and parasites, distribute natural oils through their fur, soothe themselves and even regulate their body temperature (cooling themselves down through the evaporation of saliva). So, do our cats really need any help in the grooming department when they’re already experts? And what are the benefits of grooming your cat?

Should you groom your cat?

Short-haired cats might not need much help with grooming, but medium to long-haired breeds such as Ragdolls, Persians and Siberians need frequent or daily attention to keep their coat neat and tidy and remove loose hair. Older cats may also need help with grooming if arthritis or stiff joints prevent them getting to hard-to-reach places. And every cat can benefit from a helping hand with tricky tangles or matted fur, which can cause discomfort and skin irritation.

Grooming your cat can also be good for their health, providing an opportunity for you to spot parasites, skin conditions and allergies, cuts, abscesses and any mysterious lumps. And while coughing up hairballs is a normal feline habit, regular brushing can help reduce the amount of loose hair your cat swallows while grooming themselves. Other benefits of grooming your cat include getting them comfortable with being handled and helping you both bond – assuming you can get them to sit still, that is!

Cat grooming tips

Pick your moment

It’s always best to groom your cat when they’re feeling calm and peaceful, not when they’re full of energy and zooming around! Give them a stroke and a bit of fuss first, to help make the experience a positive one.

Choose the right cat grooming tools

There are a bewildering range of cat grooming tools to choose from, so you might want to experiment with what works best for you and your cat.

  • A soft bristle brush or grooming mitten may be enough for grooming short-haired cats, and is good for distributing natural oils through their coats. A mitten can be particularly useful for cats that aren’t used to being groomed, as it feels similar to being stroked.
  • A pin brush with metal teeth (often capped with plastic) is a good-all-round cat grooming tool that’s helpful for gently working out tangles.
  • Cats with medium or long hair are likely to need long-toothed combs and de-matting brushes. A slicker brush – usually a curved or slanted brush, with very fine metal teeth – is good for tackling matting and removing dirt and dead hair in longer-haired breeds.
  • A flea comb can be another useful cat grooming tool. Its closely spaced teeth are designed to draw out and help you spot fleas, but can also be used to work out minor tangles.

‘If in doubt, ask your vet or groomer,’ says Pamela Campbell of Ayrshire Grooming Salon and Grooming School, the only National Pet College training school in Scotland. ‘They’ll be able to advise on the right brush for your pet’s particular coat type.’

Brushing your cat

Use a brush to gently brush through their fur, one section at a time. Follow the direction in which the hair grows, groom from root to tip, and use short strokes (much like a cat licking themselves). Note that cats with longer hair may need combing out as well as brushing – see our extra grooming tips for owners of long-haired cats.

Groom familiar areas first

Start by grooming areas where your cat is familiar with being touched, such as their back and sides, before progressing to more sensitive areas like their belly, neck, head and paws. If your cat isn’t keen to roll over and have their underside brushed, you may need to lift them up slightly to reach their belly, chest and neck fur. If they’re very restless, you may need to wait until they’re in a better position or mood – see below for more tips on grooming reluctant cats. Your cat’s whiskers are their most sensitive area, so try to work around these, or you may find them fidgeting!

Watch out for fleas while grooming

While brushing or combing your cat, look out for any uninvited visitors! A flea comb is ideal for this. It’s helpful to wipe the comb on a moist piece of white tissue to look for any reddish-brown specks, which could be flea droppings. Be sure to get your cat treated if you find signs of fleas, as combing alone won’t clear the problem.

How to groom a cat that hates it

It’s always a good idea to start grooming your cat as a kitten to get them comfortable with the sensation. If they haven’t been groomed before, or if your cat hates being groomed, you may need to introduce them to the grooming brush gradually!

At first, simply keep the brush to hand while stroking your cat, and let them check it out in their own time. Reward them with a food treat for doing so, to create a positive association with the brush. Gradually progress to touching your cat with the brush, then giving them one or two gentle strokes with the brush, taking things at their pace and rewarding them at every stage.

While some cats are soon content to be brushed and enjoy the attention, others will fidget or try to get away. Be patient, don’t force them to stay put and stick to very short grooming sessions. The same applies if your cat is getting old and stiff, and doesn’t like to sit in the same position for very long. The more positive the grooming experience for your cat, the easier it will become to groom them in future.

How to keep your cat’s coat healthy

Regular grooming sessions will help to keep your cat’s coat in good condition. Pay particular attention to prime locations for matts – Pamela highlights areas behind their ears, tails, hips, groins and underarms, where ‘excessive friction can cause hair to matt and tangle.’

You don’t need to bathe your cat unless they really need it – most cats are capable of keeping themselves clean. You can also do your bit to look after their coat by making sure they’re getting a healthy diet. Inadequate nutrition, long-term stress and other health conditions can show up in a cat’s coat. So, if your cat’s fur or skin seems in worse condition than usual, if they’ve stopped grooming themselves or if they’re shedding more than normal, it’s worth booking a veterinary check-up.

Don’t miss our extra cat grooming tips for medium- and long-haired cats. And for more advice on keeping our feline friends in top condition, check out our guides to bathing your cat and brushing their teeth.

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