|Size:||Small, weighing 2-3kg|
|Coat:||Long and straight with a soft undercoat|
|Exercise:||Two daily walks of around 15 minutes each, plus regular playtime|
|Life span:||Pomeranians can live for around 12-16 years|
|Breed group:||Pomeranians are the smallest members of the Spitz group, a type of dog known for its pointed face and upwards-curling tail.|
Pomeranians are bright, loyal and braver than their size would suggest. Apt to forget how small they are, the breed loves to make their voices heard and may need training to prevent unwarranted barking and shows of dominance. While they may believe that they can take on dogs that are twice as big, they are also affectionate and playful, making good pets for homes with or without children.
As a breed, they can also be prone to separation anxiety, so periods of separation need to be carefully managed and preferably limited. You could also try techniques for limiting anxiety, such as providing puzzle feeders while you’re away to ensure your pet feels stimulated and rewarded in your absence.
Dental problems can be common among Pomeranians, so incorporating dry food and chews into their diet can help to keep their teeth and gums healthy.
Today they are generally toy sized, but still have heaps of energy, requiring two feeds and two exercise sessions totalling 30 minutes per day to stay at their ideal weight. But Pomeranians weren’t always quite so little – it is said that Queen Victoria inspired a fashion for smallness with her particularly pocket-sized version of the breed.
How much exercise does a Pomeranian need? As well as daily walks, be sure to let them run around your garden in between. This can help keep your dog stimulated, happy and less likely to engage in scrappy or yappy behaviour. You could consider attending puppy training classes from four months old to catch any problems early.
Hailing from the same ‘Spitz’ group as the sledge-pulling Husky, it should be no surprise that your Pomeranian can run extremely fast. You should therefore keep an eye on them when they’re off the lead, especially if there are roads nearby. Good recall training from a young age can help to keep them safe.
Since Pomeranians have delicate windpipes and can be prone to a health issue called tracheal collapse, experts recommend using a harness rather than a traditional collar to reduce strain on the necks. Vets advise that this breed can also suffer from hereditary heart problems. If you’re concerned, speak to your vet about how this might affect your pet and whether it could impact their exercise levels.
Pomeranians have a long, straight, fluffy coat with a characteristic ‘frill’ of fur around their neck and chest. Like other dogs in the Spitz group, their fur is adapted for cold weather and they have a thick undercoat that sheds seasonally. In recent years, a closely cropped Pomeranian haircut has become popular – but if you choose this, make sure your groomer doesn’t damage the soft undercoat. As well as brushing their coat daily to prevent mats, you should also brush your Pomeranian’s teeth regularly to prevent dental problems, which are a common health issue for this breed.